# Creating formulas and calculate ranges

## Introduction

Basic examples of how to create cells with a formula for calculations within the Excel sheet.

## Add formulas to a cell

``````//set the total value of cells in range A1 - A25 into A27
worksheet.Cells["A27"].Formula = "=SUM(A1:A25)";

//set the number of cells with content in range C1 - C25 into C27
worksheet.Cells["C27"].Formula = "=COUNT(C1:C25)";

//fill column K with the sum of each row, range A - J
for (int i = 1; i <= 25; i++)
{
var cell = worksheet.Cells[i, 12];
cell.Formula = "=SUM(" + worksheet.Cells[i, 1].Address + ":" + worksheet.Cells[i, 10].Address + ")";
}

//calculate the quartile of range E1 - E25 into E27
worksheet.Cells[27, 5].Formula = "=QUARTILE(E1:E25,1)";
``````

## Complete example with formulas

``````//create a new ExcelPackage
using (ExcelPackage excelPackage = new ExcelPackage())
{
//create 2 WorkSheets

//set the calculation mode to manual
excelPackage.Workbook.CalcMode = ExcelCalcMode.Manual;

//fill cell data with a loop, note that row and column indexes start at 1
for (int i = 1; i <= 25; i++)
{
for (int j = 1; j <= 10; j++)
{
worksheet.Cells[i, j].Value = (i + j) - 1;
worksheet2.Cells[i, j].Value = (i + j) - 1;
}
}

//set the total value of cells in range A1 - A25 into A27
worksheet.Cells["A27"].Formula = "=SUM(A1:A25)";

//set the number of cells with content in range C1 - C25 into C27
worksheet.Cells["C27"].Formula = "=COUNT(C1:C25)";

//fill column K with the sum of each row, range A - J
for (int i = 1; i <= 25; i++)
{
var cell = worksheet.Cells[i, 12];
cell.Formula = "=SUM(" + worksheet.Cells[i, 1].Address + ":" + worksheet.Cells[i, 10].Address + ")";
}

//calculate the quartile of range E1 - E25 into E27
worksheet.Cells[27, 5].Formula = "=QUARTILE(E1:E25,1)";

//set the total value of all cells in Sheet 2 into G27
worksheet.Cells["G27"].Formula = "=SUM('" + worksheet2.Name + "'!" + worksheet2.Dimension.Start.Address + ":" + worksheet2.Dimension.End.Address + ")";

//set the number of cells with content in Sheet 2, range C1 - C25 into I27
worksheet.Cells["I27"].Formula = "=COUNT('" + excelPackage.Workbook.Worksheets.Name + "'!" + excelPackage.Workbook.Worksheets.Cells["A1:B25"] + ")";

//calculate all the values of the formulas in the Excel file
excelPackage.Workbook.Calculate();

//Save the file
FileInfo fi = new FileInfo("FormulaExample.xlsx");
excelPackage.SaveAs(fi);
}
``````

## Formula with multiple sheets

``````//set the total value of all cells in Sheet 2 into G27
worksheet.Cells["G27"].Formula = "=SUM('" + worksheet2.Name + "'!" + worksheet2.Dimension.Start.Address + ":" + worksheet2.Dimension.End.Address + ")";

//set the number of cells with content in Sheet 2, range C1 - C25 into I27
worksheet.Cells["I27"].Formula = "=COUNT('" + excelPackage.Workbook.Worksheets.Name + "'!" + excelPackage.Workbook.Worksheets.Cells["A1:B25"] + ")";
``````

## Manual calculation

If you use formulas, Excel will ask you to save the file every time, even if there were no changes made. To prevent this behaviour you can set the calculation mode to manual.

``````excelPackage.Workbook.CalcMode = ExcelCalcMode.Manual;

//fill the sheet with data and set the formulas

excelPackage.Workbook.Calculate();
``````

2016-12-14
2017-01-06
epplus Pedia
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